resource portal for environmental human rights defenders


Environmental harm can violate many human rights, including rights to life, health, food, water, and housing. To protect the environment and the human rights that depend on it, everyone has the following rights:




Some people strive to defend their rights, those of their communities and even the rights of others from environmental damage. Other individuals or groups struggle peacefully to protect the environment, and in doing so, defend the human rights that depend on it. Whatever their place of origin, trade, or context, these individuals or groups, who undertake peaceful actions to defend both the rights and the environment, are often known as Environmental Human Rights Defenders (EHRD), and are often at risk of harassment, violence, illegal detentions, and even in danger of being killed.


International human rights law recognises that environmental human rights defenders have rights to carry out their work without interference. States have obligations to protect them from harassment and violence and to provide remedies for violations of their rights.